Facts about Afghanistan's Taliban laws, types of Taliban laws, Afghanistan under the rule and law of the Taliban.Womens treatment under the Taliban.
As the war rages in Afghanistan between followers of the Taliban and the coalition forces based there, many of us in the west are puzzled as to why Afghanistan can not become an Islamic state like many other countries in the Islamic world.
As well as the need for troops to control the poppy industry that flourishes in the country, the Afghan government need to eradicate the Taliban militia,as they can not condone Taliban rule in their country owing to the extreme and inhumane rules and regulations that they impose,of which go far beyond the boundaries of any other Islamic country or state, which inturn risks making the country a haven for islamic extremists and fanatics.
( READ afghanistan-how-it-all-began for details.)
The Taliban ruled Afghanistan between 1996 and 2001, until they were dislodged from power by the U.S invasion and installation of the U.N backed Karzai government.
However, owing to the large following the Taliban holds over the people of Afghanistan via it's many warlords, many of these laws and rules still prevail in Afghan society today.
The Taliban laws that I will list later, should make it apparant as to why our coalition forces must remain there and why this egocentric and archaic regime must not be allowed to prosper in the country.
MOHAMMED / MULLAH OMAR ( UNVERIFIED IMAGE )
Mohammed Omar held the title Commander of the Faithful, a title his followers bestowed upon him in April 1996, after he led a group of 50 religious students who fought against the rampant corruption and warlord rule of the country, that had prevailed since the end of the Soviet occupation.
Born an ethnic Pashtun in Nodeh in Kandahar Province in 1959, Omar was brought up in abject poverty.
He fought in the anti - Soviet Mujahadeen ( Freedom fighters ) and later in the Afghan civil war, where he was wounded sometime between 1986 and 1989.
He lost an eye and suffered extensive burns to his face,leading to gross disfigurement.
During his recuperation, it is said that he became a student at an Islamic Seminary in Quetta, Pakistan, where he learnt to speak Arabic, learnt Islamic tradition ( Hadith ), Islamic law ( Fiqh )and became a Hafiz, someone who has memorised the Muslim holy book the Qu'ran by means of Tajweed, or rules of recitation.
( The Qu'ran is made up of 114 chapters each containing 6,236 verses that comprise of 80,000 words.)
After his studies he was to go on to become a Mullah ( Mosque leader, holy man and teacher ) at a religious madrassa in Quetta, where it is said he gained a large following of young Afghan orphan, refugees.
In 1994 he came back to Afghanistan with a group of 50 students, known as talib, where they overthrew the then inept government.
Omar named his regime the Taliban,( the students) and the country he now found him self governing, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, where he immediately introduced Sharia law as well as a few more rules and regulations of his own.
The Taliban insignia as seen on the flag of The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.1996 - 2001.
A complete ban on ;
Keeping birds. ( Keeping caged birds and racing pigeons was once a favoured past time of the Afghan people)
Kite flying ( Once the national sport of Afghanistan )
Books. ( Unless they be of religious content )
Public laughing, shouting or clapping at outside events.
Photographs of women on T.V or in newspapers, even the hanging of pictures of women in ones own homes.
New Year, Labour Day and wedding celebrations.
Men must ;
Cut short their hair.
Grow long their beards.
Wear Islamic clothing.
Wear the Islamic turban or Islamic cap.
Look after and control their women folk.( This can be done by means of beating and rape )
Pray at the mosque five times a day.
Not indulge in homosexual practices.
Provide for their womenfolk.
Non Muslims must wear a yellow badge to differentiate themselves.
The Taliban wish to make a secure environment for their women where their chasteness and dignity may be sacrosanct by means of purdah.
Purdah is the practice of segregrating the sexes and womens faces and form are concealed, a practice first introduced in India to protect Hindu women from invading Muslims in the 12 th century.
Women must not ;
Gain an education.
Leave home without permission of father or husband.
Walk outside without being accompanied by a male family member.
Wear Western clothes.
Wear mens clothes.* 1
Wear make up.
Laugh in public.
Have their photograph taken.
Paint their nails.*2
Wear shoes with ' clicking ' heels.
Talk to males unless they are relatives, including in their own homes.
Gather at any outside event.
Wash clothes in rivers. ( A once pleasant occupation undertaken by Afghan women, where they could catch up on gossip and generally let off steam together).
Ride in taxis.
Use public baths. ( the hammam was once a pleasant past time for women in Afghanistan )
Appear on the balcony of their own home, even in full burqa.
Be seen at the windows of their own home, even in full burqa.
Deny their husbands sexual gratification at any time.
Indulge in sexual practices if unmarried or with any one who is not their husband if they are married.
Attempt suicide. * 3.
The iconic Afghan blue burqa, a full body garment with built in skull cap and shuttlecock eye grille.
Women must ;
Wear the burqa at all times.
Speak in hushed tones, so as not to be heard by men that are not relatives.
- To disobey any of these restrictions means execution, by means of beheading for men and execution by means of public stoning for women.-
1) The law of women not being able to wear mens clothing was a later law introduced after women who had no male relative to go out and provide for them, were forced on to the street in mens clothing in order to buy food or gain medical assistance.
2 ) Female doctors who had lost their jobs when the Taliban took power, were forced to run underground, secret hospitals for women or to walk to the homes of sick women, where they would do so in mens clothing.
This was the only crime not punishable by means of execution.The crime of painting ones nails is punished by chopping off the offending digits.
The suicide rate for women in Afghanistan is at an all time high.As it goes against Islam to take ones own life, women favour the act of setting them selves on fire as a means to an end. They do it by means of pouring cooking oil over themselves then setting it alight, this way they can call it a kitchen accident if they do not succeed, thus escaping punishment by public flogging.
KITE RUNNERS IN AFGHANISTAN.
MORE AFGHANISTAN ARTICLES BY THE SAME AUTHOR -
© D.B.Bellamy.February. 2010.
Images courtesy of wikimedia commons.